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Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Fertility

There exist some sexually transmitted diseases which can affect your fertility very much. These diseases including chlamydia, gonorrhea, herpes, syphilis and others are responsible for 25% of infertility cases. In fact, difficulty of getting pregnant may be the first warning sign of STD. Usually, it is not the STD itself that causes infertility, but the spread of inflammation which results from the infection.

Women under the age of 24 years belong to a certain group of people who are at the highest risk of contracting STDs. Generally the reason for that is the non matured cervix which infections are easy to pass through. Another factor is that at this age multiple partners are most common. The most dangerous situation is when the disease stays unnoticed and no treatment is used. The consequences of such cause the biggest threat of infertility.

Most Common Sexually Transmitted Diseases

  • Genital Herpes Generally, the Herpes virus does not affect a woman’s ability to have a baby. Infertility is caused by the inflammation of genital organs which may take place if the infection is not treated timely. The main symptoms last  approximately 3­-4 weeks and come in the form of burning, itching, increased inguinal lymph nodes. Even if symptoms disappeared the virus stays in the organism during all lifetime and may exacerbate periodically.

  • Chlamydia Chlamydia may be the most ruthless of the STD’s when it comes to causing fertility trouble. Chlamydiosis is a bacterial infection transmitted by all types of sexual acts. This disease is rather dangerous and infertility is not the only thing that may be caused by it. Other serious complications like inflammation of the cervix and other pelvic organs may be a result of untreated Chlamydia.

  • Trichomoniasis This common STD can affect a woman’s ability to conceive a child if left untreated. The reason is that trichomoniasis causes inflammation of fallopian tubes which can lead to blocked fallopian tubes. The disease is caused by a bacteria Trichomonas vaginalisis  and is extremely dangerous because the period between contamination and display of the first symptoms may come up to 20 days.

  • Syphilis This is an infectious disease caused by spiroheta and transmitted by all kinds of sexual contact. The disease is spread among people who have several sex partners and ignore barrier contraceptives. The unpleasant detail of the disease is that it may progress if professional timely treatment hasn’t take place. The first symptom of the progressing syphilis begins in 10 days after contamination.

  • Gonorrhea This is another bacterial disease caused by neisseria gonorrhoeae and spread by all types of sexual contact. The main cause is unsafe sex contact. Honoria is rather easily treated if identified early. But without in­time cure it may cause rather devastating consequences, because human organism can not develop immunity to this infection. In women, Gonorrhea can cause bleeding after sex and yellow or bloody vaginal discharge which is responsible for inflammation of the pelvic area.

Thing to Remember

According to the data of American Social Health Association up to 15 percent of women who are infertile can attribute it to tubal damage caused by pelvic inflammatory disease from an untreated STD. The more PID episodes a woman has had, the greater her risk of infertility. So if you suspect any of these diseases in your organism, don’t try to cure yourself, these diseases need careful examination, diagnosis and professional treatment under doctor’s supervision.